Instruction For Authors

1) Types of Article

- Research papers: Significant research work containing new research data and/or new interpretations of existing data
- Review papers: Comprehensive summary of research on a certain topic and perspective on the state of the field
- Technical papers: Comprehensive work on practical and technical issues
- Technical notes: Discussion of current technological status or research data which are possibly incomplete or tentative (Art papers are also included in this category)
- Letters: Brief disclosure of significant new concepts or applications

2) Submission of manuscripts

Papers submitted to the Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology must not have been published previously and must not be under consideration elsewhere. All research papers, technical papers, technical notes, special issues, and letters and all revised manuscripts must be submitted electronically via the website. The manuscript, check-list and copyright transfer agreement should be submitted. Please do not include author information (author names, affiliation, etc.) in any part of the manuscript.

3) Copyright

The copyright and the transfer rights for the content of the published paper and journal are owned by the Korean Radioactive Waste Society.

4) Peer-review

All manuscripts are treated as confidential. They are peer-reviewed by at least two reviewers selected by the editor and associate editor. The reviewer’s identities are hidden from authors (Single blind review). Authors are required to suggest three or more potential reviewers for peer-review. Please provide their e-mail addresses. Reviewers may be selected at the discretion of the Editors.

5) Open access

All the peer-reviewed articles in this journal will be published open access. This means that the articles are available online to all at no cost and with limited restrictions with regards to reuse. KRS is pursuing Gold open access that makes the final version of an article freely and permanently accessible for everyone immediately after publication. The copyright of the article is originally retained by the authors, however, KRS is empowered to act on behalf of the author through a copyright transfer or exclusive license to copy, publish, adapt works, whilst protecting their integrity.

6) Word-processing details

It is important that the file be saved in the native format of the word processor used. The text should be in single-column format. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. All manuscripts must be written in clear and concise English. To enable proper conversion of Web manuscripts to PDF files, please use Times New Roman font. A manuscript is arranged in the following order
① Title: Use specific and informative titles with high keyword content. Avoid acronyms, subtitles and formulae where possible.
② Abstract: Abstracts (150–200 words) are required for research papers, technical papers, technical notes, special issues, and letters and should describe briefly and clearly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and the major conclusions. Remember that the abstract will be the most widely read portion of the paper and will be used by abstracting services.
③ Keywords: Provide 4 ~ 6 keywords that best represent the content of the paper.
④ The Text: Suitably divided under such headings as Introduction, Theory (if any), Experimental, Results and Discussion, and Conclusions.
⑤ Acknowledgement: Authors may acknowledge technical assistance, the source of special materials, financial support, meeting presentation information, and the auspices under which work was done, including permission to publish. If the article is dedicated to another scholar, a brief statement such as, “This article is dedicated to [name]”, can be included.
⑥ References: References should be numbered in one consecutive series by order of their first appearance. All authors should be included. The complete list of literature citations should be placed on a separate page, double-spaced.

- Examples of the reference format:
(Journal Articles)
[1] P.G. Voileque and R.A. Pavilick, "Societal Cost of Radiation Exposure", Health Phys., 43(3), 405-408 (1982).

[2] H. Cember, Introduction to Health Physics, 3rd ed., 156-162, Pergamon Press, New York (1997).

(Papers in Books)
[3] J.A. Auxier, W.S. Snyder, and T.D. Jones, "Neutron Interaction and Penetration in Tissue", in: Radiation Dosimetry, F.H. Attix and W.C. Roesch, eds., 2nd ed., 275-316, Academic Press, New York (1968).

[4] F.T. Binford, J. Barish, and F.B.K. Kam. Estimation of Radiation Dose Following a Reactor Accident, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report, 275-316, ORNL-4086 (1968).

(Conference Proceedings)
[5] H.F. MacDonald, "Assessment of Environmental Hazards Following a Nuclear Reactor Accidents", Proc. of Int. Symp. on Rapid Methods for Measuring Radioactivity in the Environment, SM-148/38, 212-218, IAEA, Vienna (1969).
[6] D. Benison, "Risk of Radiation at Low Doses", Proc. of the 1996 International Congress on Radiation Protection, vol. 1, 19-23, April 14-19, 1996, Vienna.

(Online sources)
[7] M. Holt. July 11 2008. “Advanced Nuclear Power and Fuel Cycle Technologies: Outlook and Policy Options.” UNT Digital Library. Accessed Dec. 30 2014. Available from: 94163/m1/1/high_res_d/RL34579_2008Jul11.pdf.

Tables: Each table must be typed on a separated page in English. Prepare tables in a consistent form, furnish each with an appropriate title, and number consecutively in the order of appearance in the text. Vertical lines are not used.

Figures: Each figure with its caption below it, on a separate page, must be prepared in English. The quality of the submitted electronic files determines the final quality of the published illustrations. Diagrams, graphs, charts, and other artwork should be created with dark text and lines on white or other light backgrounds. Use of color is acceptable provided it enhances presentation of the science. Remember that figures and graphs must fit a one-column (8.25 cm) or two-column (17.78 cm) format. The maximum height is 24 cm. For best results, submit illustrations in the actual size at which they should appear. If artwork will need to be reduced, choose a lettering size large enough to be legible after the figure is reduced. Avoid using complex textures and shading; these do not reproduce well. To show a pattern, use a simple crosshatch design. Electronic figures should be submitted in TIFF, EPS, or JPEG formats with a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.

Appendix (if any)

7) Format

Use SI units. Nomenclature should conform to that recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry and Chemical Abstracts Service. The atomic mass number is denoted by an upper left superscript. The element name without mass number should be fully spelled (for example: Use 90Sr, 131I, strontium, and iodine. Do not use Sr-90, I). Abbreviations must be fully spelled out on first appearance with abbreviations in the parentheses. References should be numbered in Arabic numerals in square brackets ([ ]). Authors are referred to any recent issue for examples of format.

8) Publication charge

KRS follows the policy of Gold open access which enables everyone to access the articles immediately after publication. There is no submission fee, however authors are required to pay an article publishing charge (APC) for the publication of their articles online and offline. The APC is 30 USD (30,000 Korean Won) per page with the basic fee of 50 USD (50,000 Korean Won) for a member and with the basic fee of 100 USD (100,000 Korean Won) for a non-member, respectively. Should an author want color in print, payment of the costs associated with color print will be charged.

9) Ethical guidelines

The authors should follow the ethical guidelines of the journal. For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in these guidelines, International standards for editors and authors ( international-standards-editors-and-authors) can be applied. When the journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiarism, fraudulent or fabricated data, changes in authorship, an undisclosed conflict of interest, ethical problems with a submitted manuscript, a reviewer who has appropriated an author’s idea or data, complaints against editors, and so on, the resolution process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics ( The discussion and decision on the suspected cases are carried out by the Editorial Board.

If the Board of KRS makes a final decision for the author’s violation according to the ethical guidelines of the journal, the Board of KRS can decide on the following disciplinary action and carry out duplicate disciplinary actions.

- Announcement of the violation in the homepage of Korean Radioactive Waste Society
- Deletion from the list of the journal, cancellation of the copyright, and prohibition of the citation for the corresponding paper
- Notification of the violation to National Research Foundation of Korea
- Suspension from submission of paper for the next five years

Reporting standards: Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from ‘passing off’ another’s paper as the author’s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another’s paper (without attribution), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication: An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Authorship of the paper: KRS recognizes authorship for those who meet all four of the following criteria;

i) Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work, the data acquisition, data analysis, or interpretation of the data for the work
ii) Drafting the work or revising it for important intellectual content;
iii) Final approval of the version to be published
iv) Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved

Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and conflicts of interests: All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed. Examples of potential conflicts of interest which should be disclosed include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/ registrations, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed at the earliest stage possible.

Fundamental errors in published works: When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper. If the editor or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

Submission check-list    Statement of copyright transfer

    Online Submission

  3. Korean Radioactive
    Waste Society (KRS)

  4. Editorial Office
    Contact Information

    - Tel: +82-42-861-5851, 866-4205
    - Fax: +82-42-861-5852
    - E-mail: