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ISSN : 1738-1894(Print)
ISSN : 2288-5471(Online)
Journal of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology Vol.17 No.1 pp.47-58
DOI : https://doi.org/10.7733/jnfcwt.2019.17.1.47

Multi-criteria Comparative Evaluation of Nuclear Energy Deployment Scenarios With Thermal and Fast Reactors

Andrianov A.A.,Andrianova O.N.,Kuptsov I.S.,Svetlichny L.I.,Utianskaya T.V.
1National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Kashirskoe sh. 31, Moscow 115409, Russia
2Institute for Physics and Power Engineering named after A.I.Leypunsky, Sq. Bondarenko 1, Kaluga region, Obninsk 249033, Russia
3JSC Engineering Center of Nuclear Containers, Bulding 1, Marshala Biryuzova St, Moscow 123298, Russia
*Corresponding Author. Kuptsov I.S., National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, E-mail: kuptsov_ilia@list.ru, Tel: +7-920-612-32-71

Abstract

The paper presents the results of a multi-criteria comparative evaluation of 12 feasible Russian nuclear energy deployment scenarios with thermal and fast reactors in a closed nuclear fuel cycle. The comparative evaluation was performed based on 6 performance indicators and 5 different MCDA methods (Simple Scoring Model, MAVT / MAUT, AHP, TOPSIS, PROMETHEE) in accordance with the recommendations elaborated by the IAEA/INPRO section. It is shown that the use of different MCDA methods to compare the nuclear energy deployment scenarios, despite some differences in the rankings, leads to well-coordinated and similar results. Taking into account the uncertainties in the weights within a multi-attribute model, it was possible to rank the scenarios in the absence of information regarding the relative importance of performance indicators and determine the preference probability for a certain nuclear energy deployment scenario. Based on the results of the uncertainty/sensitivity analysis and additional analysis of alternatives as well as the whole set of graphical and attribute data, it was possible to identify the most promising nuclear energy deployment scenario under the assumptions made.

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